Falls Road Belfast
The Falls Road Belfast
The Falls Road Belfast - Stop 13
The Falls Road is undoubtedly one of the most famous roads in Belfast, a Nationalist & Republican area that gained worldwide media coverage during an era known as The Troubles.
'The Falls' as it is locally refered to, showcases this era with stunning street art, otherwise known as the Belfast Murals.
The artworks in the area delivers a message from a republican perspective, from the past to the present day. Political events both locally and worldwide that Irish Republicanism either sees as injustices, or have shared political viewpoints in common are often expressed in these works of art.
The International Wall
Quick Falls Road Facts
Early History - The road orginally began its life as a small country lane leading in & out of Belfast, the Falls Road inherits its English name from ancient Irish phrase 'túath na bhFál'. Meaning, 'territory of the enclosures'.
The size of the territory was equal to the Shankill civil parish and it included the greater part of todays modern city of Belfast.
Industrial Revolution - With the turn of the 19th century heavy industry had arrived, with large linen mills being built nearby in Bedford Street & the Linen Quarter.
During this time, Belfast had become the world leader in linen production, even being nicknamed 'Linenopolis'. The Falls Catholic population grew rapidly due to the new sources of employment, attracting people who lived nearby.
With thousands of new jobs and opportunity, newly constructed housing began popping up around the falls area for the influx of new workers, forming a tight knit community of narrow streets & terraced houses.
The Civil Rights Movement - In August 1969 several streets were burnt out just off the Falls Road, with six Catholics killed. Due to tentions of civil rights movement taking off during this period, the British Army where drafted in to protect Catholics from future attacks.
However, their heavy-handed tactics isolated many of the local residents. This event could well be argued as the beginning of The Troubles and what unfortunately lay ahead.
The Falls Curfew - The following year, the British Army sealed off the Falls in what has become known today as 'Battle of the Falls'. Three thousand homes where sealed in for 36 hours, while the army searched house to house for weapons.
The curfew quickly turned into a riot with local residents after the use of tear gas which then progressed with guns being brought onto the streets by the local Provisional IRA, and live round exchanges being made with the British Army.
The operation saw 337 people arrested, 78 people wounded and four local residents being killed. The incident increased support for the IRA, turning the Catholic community against the British Army.
Over the Next 30 Years Northern Ireland experienced an era which is referred to as 'The Troubles'.
Even though peacewalls and lines had been erected to quell violence in what would become known as interface areas - 'troubled flashpoints', such as Cupar Way & 'The Peace Wall' separating both the Shankill & Falls Road. Tit-for-tat attacks and killings spread throughout the country with the Falls Road & Shankill experiencing some of its worst.
The British Army kept a strong presence on the streets of West Belfast with an observation post ontop of Divis Tower.
Many people lost there lives during this era, until the ceasefire was signed by the IRA in 1994. The following year Bill Clinton the President of the United States visited the Falls Road to lend his support to the peace process, and what would later develop into the Good Friday Agreement in 1998.
How To Visit Safely
Today you can find tourists from all around the world exploring The Falls area and the murals, the best way to explore safely is on the Belfast hop on hop off tour.
The tour is fully guided and travels past all the main points of interest, in addition you will travel through the peacewall and onto the Shankill Road for a balanced immersive experience.
Points Of Interest
Frequently Asked Questions
The Falls Road is located in west Belfast
The area today is fairly safe and has become a popular tourist attraction during the day with the array Murals & Peacewalls. However, it is advised to visit during daylight hours as many peacegates do close making accessibility difficult.
'Túath na bhFál' - Translated from Irish = Territory of the enclosures.
Yes, the area historically has always been made up with people who identify as Catholic Irish Nationalists & Republicans.
The area seen some of the fiercest rioting during The Troubles, which resulted in worldwide media coverage.
The Falls Road begins at Divis Street and runs up to the Anderstown Road - it is approximately 3.2km or 2 miles.
In 1970, the Battle of Falls resulted in a curfew from July 3rd - 5th. The British Army searched house to house for weapons, resulting in live fire exchanges with the local provisional IRA.
1000's of women & children marched from Andersonstown with supplies and food through the curfew zone for the locals.
Bill Clinton visited in November 1995, he also switched on the Christmas lights at Belfast City Hall that year.
The Bobby Sands mural is located on the corner of Sevastopol Street.
The Bobby Sands mural.